The next issue is between the railroads themselves. We can't just run a train across the NS or CSX or whatever. To do that, the railroads have to come to an agreement for usage of track. This agreement will state if the host railroad will crew the trains, or if foreign crews can operate the trains. Once the agreement is in place, then pilot trips will begin, if in fact foreign crews can move the trains.
There are provisions for rerouting trains due to derailments, but those trips are always handled with a crew from the host railroad piloting the regular crew across the subject territory.
The next issue is within railroads consisting of two or more merged railroads. Most times these railroads are considered as one, but different territories are off limits to certain crews. Take the CN for example. We have purchased the IC, the WC and the EJ&E which all join in the Chicago area. Battle Creek (GTW) crews can enter the Chicago District, and run trains on pretty much every railroad within the area encircled by the EJ&E. We can run over the entire length of the EJ&E, as long as we are moving trains to or from the GTW properties. Once we turn off the EJ&E, for example the IC line going south, we can only go to the first control point outside of the EJ&E crossing, in this case Stunkle. At that point an IC crew is required to move the train. The same applies to the WC at Leithton, the UP at West Chicao, the BNSF at Eola, etc...
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